Skin whitening, lightening of freckles and dark spots, ways to remove tan, etc. attract more and more attention. Let’s scrutinize these issues more thoroughly.
Exposed to ultraviolet radiation dermis produces more dark pigment called melanin. To make it shorter skin tans under the sun rays. Tan occurs after continuous sun impact. Some people tan on purpose to gain better looks. Though, extra sunbathing may lead to various skin conditions. In Western countries tan is a trend while in India, China, Korea and other Eastern countries pale complexion is considered more attractive.
What is tanning?
The process when your skin gains darker color or gets tanned is called sun tanning or just tanning. Usually, tanning is caused by the influence of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or from artificial sources, like a tanning bed. But sometimes you can get a tan because of windburn or reflected light.
Usual exposure to the sun has moderate advantages that include the production of Vitamin D by your body. However, enormous exposure to ultraviolet rays causes ruining effects to your health, such as sunburn or even worse, skin cancer. Besides, it leads to immune system function weakening and boosts the risk of activating aging process.
Also it is known that some people get tan or sunburn easier than others. The reason is people have different skin types and natural skin color, which are the results of genetics.
Why skin darkens?
You should know that UV rays, no matter were they produced by Sun or artificially boost the production of melanin. Melanin is a molecule that has dark color situated in our epidermis, our skin color depends on it.
The quality and quantity of melanin produced by each of us differs. Phototypes depend on the expression of genes that are responsible for the skin sensitivity to the Sun.
The color of the skin depends on the type and amount of melanin, produced by the melanocytes, and also by the way of its distribution in the epidermis. A number of oxidative reactions that include the amino acid tyrosine and the enzyme tyrosinase lead to the melanin formation. The process includes two different mechanisms. The first one: UVA-radiation causes oxidative stress that leads to melanin oxidizing and to fast melanin darkening. The second one: the boost of melanin production (melanogenesis) due to the fact that body reacts to photodamage and is caused mainly by UVB radiation.
Tips to remove tan:
There are many relatively fast and safe ways to remove the tan quickly and effectively. There are 3 most important things you should know about tan removal:
1. Try to avoid sun exposure. Hide your skin during the worst hours – from 10am to 4pm. Put on tight knit, sun- protective clothing, wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses. Apply sunscreen. Use SPF 30 or higher always!
2. Exfoliate to release young naturally coloured skin. This helps either to remove tan or to fasten lightening. You should peel dead cells off to promote skin whitening. Most common exfoliation techniques employ the following: granular abrasive cleansers and scrubs, chemical lotions containing AHAs (alpha-hydroxy acids) or BHA (beta-hydroxy acids), enzyme peels, rubbing with loofah or exfoliating brush in shower.
3. For complexion whitening utilize widely available topical lightening creams, lotions, masks, etc. or employ home remedies.
Topical lighteners against tan:
Topical skin lighteners usually contain substances which inhibit the activity of melanin tyrosinase or melanotropin and thus decrease or prevent the melanin production. Chemical peels may be applied as an additional measure.
Very often topical treatments have melanin-inhibiting compounds along with exfoliants or sun blocks.
In case you are looking for the most effective over the counter topical skin lightening cosmetic products, mind that they should contain a number of ingredients including exfoliants, inhibitors of melanin production, sunscreen (in day creams) , and antioxidants.
Tanned skin doesn’t need any harsh substances to restore the normal color. Look for the cosmetic products with natural ingredients. The most successful and safe skin whitening agents are:
Glutathione – antioxidant, skin lightener,
Kojic acid – skin lightener,
Arbutin – skin lightener,
Licorice Extract – skin lightener,
Mulberry extract – skin lightener,
Sodium Lactate – moisturizaer, skin lightener,
Vitamin A (Retinol) and retinoids – skin lightener, exfoliant,
Bearberry extract – antioxidant, skin lightener,
Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic Acid) – antioxidant,
Green tea extract – antioxidant,
Vitamin E – antioxidant,
Lactic Acid – exfoliant, skin lightener,
Azelaic Acid – exfoliant, skin lightener,
Glycolic acid – exfoliant, skin lightener,
Fruit acids – exfoliants,
Salicylic acid – exfoliant,
Papain – gentle enzymatic exfoliant,
Niacinamide (vitamin B3) – skin lightener, moisturizer, exfoliator,
You should be aware of 2 core side-effects while applying skin lightening elements: they are burning sensation and sun sensitivity. But both of them are normal. The skin lightening procedure may include itching, redness, burning and/or stinging feeling. To apply sunscreen regularly is a must (because of increased sun sensitivity). Be careful and not overdo with skin lighteners, it may lead to blotchy skin and irritation.
Homemade lightening treatments:
Home recipes are natural and also quite effective in tan removal. These recipes usually include natural fermented milk products, fruits and vegetables which contain natural enzymes, alpha hydroxy acids or abrasive substances because they are great exfoliators, some vitamins and extracts which are natural antioxidants etc.
1. Wipe your skin with lemon juice to remove the tan
2. Rub your face with inside of watermelon slices
3. Curd is a great whitening product. Apply it before bathing daily.
4. Tomato juice is good at whitening as well.
5. Mash cucumber and honey into paste. Apply the blend onto your face to soothe redness caused by tan.
6. Mix lemon juice with raw milk and apply it on problem zone. Wait for 15-20 minutes and rinse it off.
7. Buttermilk is helpful in complexion whitening
8. Dilute yogurt with water to make an effective lightening mask
9. Mix cream and saffron with lime juice
10. Aloe vera will remove tan as well
11. Sugar and olive oil scrub helps in lightening
12. Corn meal and oil scrub
Much more home recipes for skin lightening you can find Here>>
Tanning is not a very healthy habit. Although it excites vitamin D production in dermis and prevents osteomalacia, sunbathing has more minuses than pluses. If you still wish to have a good tan limit time of sun exposure.
Employ listed tips and treatments to promote complexion whitening, provide dark spots lightening and remove unwished tan.